Ragas

Classification of Ragas

There are 2 major classifications of Carnatic Ragas. They are..

1. Melakartha ragas :   Arohanam : S R G M P D N S' &  Avarohanam : S' N D P M G R S
These are 'kartha ragas' or mother ragas.

Eg., Shankarabharanam : Aro : S R2 G3 M1 P D2 N3 S'  & Ava : S' N3 D2 P M1 G3 R2 S

       Chakravagam :          Aro : S R1 G3 M1 P D2 N2 S' & Ava : S' N2 D2 P M1 G3 R1 S

The total number of melakartha ragas = 72 (suddha madhyamam 36 + prathi madhyamam 36)

Details of Melakartha ragas can be viewed here : Melakartha Ragas
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2. Janya ragas : These are ragas derived from melakartha ragas, by removing / jumbling some swaras either in the arohanam or avarohanam or both.

Eg : Mohanam : S R2 G3 P D2 S' - S' D2 P G3 R2 S

       Hindolam : S G2 M1 D1 N2 S' - S' N2 D1 M1 G2 S

Among the Janya ragas, there are some classification, based on the number of swaras in the arohanam & avarohanam. While counting the number of swaras, 'S' should be counted only once..

          7 swaras - sampoorna ragam

          6 swaras - shadava ragam

          5 swaras - audava ragam

          4 swaras - svarantara ragam

In case there are 7 notes in the arohanam & 6 notes in the avarohanam, they are called sampoorna-shadava ragas.  If there are 5 notes in the arohanam & 7 notes in the avarohanam, they are called audava-sampoorna ragas.

The total number of janya ragas = INFINITE
   
For more details on Janya ragas, please view :  Wikipedia on Janya Ragas

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